Important Things You Should Know About cPanel
cPanel is the market leader in platform hosting market today. Many web hosting services who choose cPanel because of its ease and truly complete. Also comes with a quality that is already guaranteed.
Here are 5 important things you must know to manage cPanel.
1. Use a Strong Password
Here are some tips that you can use to protected password as follows:
- Changes to your password periodically.
- Avoid common words.
- Avoid using dates of the given moment, the number of vehicles, and etc.
- Use a combination of letters, numbers, and symbols.
- Use of more than 8 characters.
- Do not click the ‘remember password’ in the browser you are using.
2. Understand the server environment
Things you should know from the server is the operating system, the kernel version being used, the version of the application (cPanel, apache, php, mysql, and perl), IP address and web hosting capacity.
3. Check the permissions (file and folder)
Most web hosting provider will use suPHP instead due to security verification and as it is the default handler for cPanel servers. Under this handler, PHP executed as a different process alongside Apache. All file permissions should be run under 644, and directory permission, under 755. Permissions higher than this will result in “Internal Server Error” whenever the PHP script is executed. If the value is Apache 2.0 Handler, then you are running PHP under DSO. This handler does not require strict file permission and ownership because the PHP file is totally being handled by Apache. But it is still recommended to have same permission practice as advised in CGI/FastCGI method. You can use cPanel File Manager, FTP client or SSH access (if allowed) to fix the permission and ownership issue. Do not forget to delete the phpinfo page after the information that you want is retrieved
4. Add security
Although security is already included in the responsibility of the server, but you still can add extra security on the website, domain and your cPanel account.
Do not forget to enable the protection from spam in the menu cPanel> Mail> Spam Protection, because some web hosting do not activate this menu directly due to new accounts typically do not receive too much spam.
Then you can remove all types of email you do not want through the menu cPanel> Mail> Address Default with the error to the sender at the time of SMTP. And do not use the “blackhole” or “forward this message” unless you really need it, because these two ways could lure hackers to attack SMTP using DOS.
Then you can your PHP status through phpinfo page. Ensure all functions has been turned off, if not, then you can create a new inside public html with disable_functions = exec, passthru, shell_exec, system, proc_open, popen, curl_exec, curl_m ulti_exec, parse_ini_file, show_source.
And to enable hotlink protection through cPanel> Security> Hotlink Protection), the point is to prevent others from stealing your bandwidth. Only allow your website to access the content such as .jpg, .jpeg, .gif, .png and.bmp
5. Notification and Monitoring
cPanel usually asks for a backup email to receive notifications, even if the primary email will automatically be the default email. You can add them via cPanel> Options> Update Contact Info. The addition of this email is useful if the original email having problems. You can subscribe to support monitoring, to observe the status of the website and your domain, although there are some web hosting that is already provided this service, but it is possible if you want to use an external monitor for more accurate results. And in its use, do not forget to connect to your email address, so that notification is given you can access quickly.
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