Causes of Poverty
Causes of Poverty

Definition and 8 Causes of Poverty in The World

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The causes of poverty are certainly diverse. There are many countries in the world where poverty is one of the things that must be overcome. Because if poverty is not addressed it will have an impact on the country itself.

Poverty is the main and most basic problem that every day is a major concern for the government. Therefore, it is important to know the cause of poverty that is one of the government’s concerns but never resolved.

Various efforts are certainly made by the government to address the problem of poverty. The causes of poverty are diverse and complex enough that the government must continue to work to solve the problem.

Although the problem is difficult to overcome, there are several countries in the world that have been able to overcome the problem of poverty. The causes of poverty are not only important to the government but also its people.

Poverty Definition

Before we know what are the contributing factors to poverty more clearly, it is good that we also know the definition of poverty. In general, the definition of poverty is a condition when a person or group is unable to meet basic needs such as food, clothing, housing, education and decent health needs.

This is also usually determined by the government through the establishment of a poverty line which is determined by the economy. Because people’s welfare levels are determined by the government’s economic policies. So poverty can also be caused by the failure of economic development planned by the government.

As previously explained, every country must have members of society below the poverty line, and certainly in every country, this poverty problem has become a global problem.

Poverty can also be interpreted as a lack in well-being and a deprivation of the freedom to achieve something in a human life.

Causes of Poverty

Here, from a variety of sources about the full review of the causes of poverty.

Low Education Level

The first cause of poverty is low levels of education. Education is a basic necessity that everyone must meet. In this context, the cause of poverty is the basic necessity that is education. A low level of education results in a person less likely to have sufficient skills, insights, and knowledge of his or her life.

As for the world of work and business, education is capital to compete in getting welfare later. Therefore, there is a lot of unemployment and the cause of poverty caused by this low level of education.

Lack of the role of the government and the surrounding community

The next cause of poverty is the lack of role from the government and the surrounding community. If you don’t agree with this reason, take a look at the poverty that’s around you. Has the government established a specific program to deal with it? Has the surrounding community been helpful enough?

The answer is definitely not yet, or it’s not yet. Judging by the first reason, you should know that to be able to help the poor requires considerable attention. Not only does it help with money, but it needs attention and guidance at every stage.

To better understand, we make two examples. For example, you provide the help of the poor around with cash and secondly, you provide guidance to make an effort. Well, in a certain period of time, which aid gives better results?

If the person you are helping has good planning skills, the first or second way will have a better impact. But if not, then the second way is to give a positive result.

So you can conclude that poverty exists because of the large number of people who do not want to help to the maximum. This is fair because everyone has their own affairs, cannot fully serve the interests of many people. 

Lazy Work

The next cause of poverty is lazy work. This cause of poverty, if researched has a relationship with the previous cause of poverty is a low level of education. Someone who has a low level of education will certainly make himself lazy to work because he has no attachment and knowledge. Someone who is lazy to try will certainly have an impact on the high unemployment rate.

Lazily work is the thing that most often affects someone who doesn’t want to go ahead and thinks that poverty is destiny.

These things make a person dispassionate and indifferent to work, and lead them to poverty and make his welfare disappear.

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Limited or Loss of Employment

The next cause of poverty that many people might think of. When someone doesn’t have a good job, then he won’t have a decent income.

And this happens to a lot of people where a lot of jobs are no longer available. For example, traditional jobs such as farmers are disappearing.

Limitations of Natural Resources and Capital

Causes of Poverty - Limitations of Natural Resources

Limited natural resources and capital are the next causes of poverty that almost occur in every country, especially developing countries or countries with high poverty rates. When natural resources are poor or it can no longer be processed, that is one of the causes of poverty. Sometimes it happens not because of each person’s will.

In addition, capital limitations also hinder a person’s development. Especially for people who have a low level of education, not only material capital, the person will also have limited capital skills or knowledge. This is certainly a serious cause of poverty.

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Family Life Expenses

It is also a pretty significant thing. When someone has a lot of family members to live with, the burden of their life certainly increases.

That way a person is required to increase his income, according to how many members he or she has to live with.

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Price Needs High

The high price of need is the next cause of poverty that often occurs and it is the reason why poor people always feel less or even not enough to meet their daily needs. In this case, please note that most poor families spend 60–80 percent of their income to meet food needs.

So when the price of groceries soars, they have to cut spending on other necessities and be diverted to food consumption. That way, the government should try to stabilize the price of basic goods so that the whole community can access them easily.

Poor Health Quality

The next cause of poverty is the poor health quality of a country. Inadequate health quality is also one of the fundamental causes of poverty. Access to difficult and expensive health care is a major problem for low-income people.

People with low economies don’t have enough money to pay for doctor’s services or buy medicine when sick. They will also continue to be sick and difficult to do the job. As a result, incomes will decrease so the daily needs cannot be fulfilled properly.

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